一键安装gitlab配置已经安装的nginx(Using a non-bundled web-server)

gitlab使用官方的一键安装包进行安装,安装完成默认是带nginx的,如何切换为自己已经安装的nginx呢?(gitlab一键安装使用的是清华镜像源

根据官方的文档,修改完成后发现没有效果,执行sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure命令fail,查看LOG发现是

web_server['external_users']

配置错误,后改为现有nginx的user成功!

现在记录下修改步骤:

本人操作系统是CentOS6.5,gitlab为最新官方一键安装包。

1.在/etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb中设置

nginx['enable'] = false

2.在相同配置文件中设置

web_server['external_users'] = ['www']

注:官方文档中说明Debian/Ubuntu的nginx默认user是www-data,RHEL/CentOS的nginx默认user是nginx。

Note: Make sure you have first installed Apache/Nginx so the webserver user is created, otherwise omnibus will fail while reconfiguring.

所以这地方填写的是nginx的默认user,这个值可以在nginx的nginx.conf的

user配置找到,然后填写到此处即可。

3.修改完上面两条执行sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure,这个命令执行有由于nginx[‘enable’]设置为了false,会自动关闭gitlab自带的nginx服务。

4.下载gitlab的nginx配置

gitlab-omnibus-nginx.conf

## GitLab 8.3+
##
## Lines starting with two hashes (##) are comments with information.
## Lines starting with one hash (#) are configuration parameters that can be uncommented.
##
##################################
##        CONTRIBUTING          ##
##################################
##
## If you change this file in a Merge Request, please also create
## a Merge Request on https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/omnibus-gitlab/merge_requests
##
###################################
##         configuration         ##
###################################
##
## See installation.md#using-https for additional HTTPS configuration details.

upstream gitlab-workhorse {
  server unix:/var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-workhorse/socket;
}

## Normal HTTP host
server {
  ## Either remove "default_server" from the listen line below,
  ## or delete the /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default file. This will cause gitlab
  ## to be served if you visit any address that your server responds to, eg.
  ## the ip address of the server (http://x.x.x.x/)n 0.0.0.0:80 default_server;
  listen 0.0.0.0:80 default_server;
  listen [::]:80 default_server;
  server_name YOUR_SERVER_FQDN; ## Replace this with something like gitlab.example.com
  server_tokens off; ## Don't show the nginx version number, a security best practice
  root /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-rails/public;

  ## See app/controllers/application_controller.rb for headers set

  ## Individual nginx logs for this GitLab vhost
  access_log  /var/log/nginx/gitlab_access.log;
  error_log   /var/log/nginx/gitlab_error.log;

  location / {
    client_max_body_size 0;
    gzip off;

    ## https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq/issues/694
    ## Some requests take more than 30 seconds.
    proxy_read_timeout      300;
    proxy_connect_timeout   300;
    proxy_redirect          off;

    proxy_http_version 1.1;

    proxy_set_header    Host                $http_host;
    proxy_set_header    X-Real-IP           $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header    X-Forwarded-For     $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_set_header    X-Forwarded-Proto   $scheme;

    proxy_pass http://gitlab-workhorse;
  }
}

如果使用HTTPS则使用

gitlab-omnibus-ssl-nginx.conf

## GitLab
##
## Modified from nginx http version
## Modified from http://blog.phusion.nl/2012/04/21/tutorial-setting-up-gitlab-on-debian-6/
## Modified from https://raymii.org/s/tutorials/Strong_SSL_Security_On_nginx.html
##
## Lines starting with two hashes (##) are comments with information.
## Lines starting with one hash (#) are configuration parameters that can be uncommented.
##
##################################
##        CONTRIBUTING          ##
##################################
##
## If you change this file in a Merge Request, please also create
## a Merge Request on https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/omnibus-gitlab/merge_requests
##
###################################
##         configuration         ##
###################################
##
## See installation.md#using-https for additional HTTPS configuration details.

upstream gitlab-workhorse {
  server unix:/var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-workhorse/socket fail_timeout=0;
}

## Redirects all HTTP traffic to the HTTPS host
server {
  ## Either remove "default_server" from the listen line below,
  ## or delete the /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default file. This will cause gitlab
  ## to be served if you visit any address that your server responds to, eg.
  ## the ip address of the server (http://x.x.x.x/)
  listen 0.0.0.0:80;
  listen [::]:80 ipv6only=on default_server;
  server_name YOUR_SERVER_FQDN; ## Replace this with something like gitlab.example.com
  server_tokens off; ## Don't show the nginx version number, a security best practice
  return 301 https://$http_host$request_uri;
  access_log  /var/log/nginx/gitlab_access.log;
  error_log   /var/log/nginx/gitlab_error.log;
}

## HTTPS host
server {
  listen 0.0.0.0:443 ssl;
  listen [::]:443 ipv6only=on ssl default_server;
  server_name YOUR_SERVER_FQDN; ## Replace this with something like gitlab.example.com
  server_tokens off; ## Don't show the nginx version number, a security best practice
  root /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-rails/public;

  ## Strong SSL Security
  ## https://raymii.org/s/tutorials/Strong_SSL_Security_On_nginx.html & https://cipherli.st/
  ssl on;
  ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/gitlab.crt;
  ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/gitlab.key;

  # GitLab needs backwards compatible ciphers to retain compatibility with Java IDEs
  ssl_ciphers "ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA:ECDHE-RSA-DES-CBC3-SHA:AES256-GCM-SHA384:AES128-GCM-SHA256:AES256-SHA256:AES128-SHA256:AES256-SHA:AES128-SHA:DES-CBC3-SHA:!aNULL:!eNULL:!EXPORT:!DES:!MD5:!PSK:!RC4";
  ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;
  ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
  ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:10m;
  ssl_session_timeout 5m;

  ## See app/controllers/application_controller.rb for headers set

  ## [Optional] If your certficate has OCSP, enable OCSP stapling to reduce the overhead and latency of running SSL.
  ## Replace with your ssl_trusted_certificate. For more info see:
  ## - https://medium.com/devops-programming/4445f4862461
  ## - https://www.ruby-forum.com/topic/4419319
  ## - https://www.digitalocean.com/community/tutorials/how-to-configure-ocsp-stapling-on-apache-and-nginx
  # ssl_stapling on;
  # ssl_stapling_verify on;
  # ssl_trusted_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/stapling.trusted.crt;
  # resolver 208.67.222.222 208.67.222.220 valid=300s; # Can change to your DNS resolver if desired
  # resolver_timeout 5s;

  ## [Optional] Generate a stronger DHE parameter:
  ##   sudo openssl dhparam -out /etc/ssl/certs/dhparam.pem 4096
  ##
  # ssl_dhparam /etc/ssl/certs/dhparam.pem;

  ## Individual nginx logs for this GitLab vhost
  access_log  /var/log/nginx/gitlab_access.log;
  error_log   /var/log/nginx/gitlab_error.log;

  location / {
    client_max_body_size 0;
    gzip off;

    ## https://github.com/gitlabhq/gitlabhq/issues/694
    ## Some requests take more than 30 seconds.
    proxy_read_timeout      300;
    proxy_connect_timeout   300;
    proxy_redirect          off;

    proxy_http_version 1.1;

    proxy_set_header    Host                $http_host;
    proxy_set_header    X-Real-IP           $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header    X-Forwarded-Ssl     on;
    proxy_set_header    X-Forwarded-For     $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    proxy_set_header    X-Forwarded-Proto   $scheme;
    proxy_pass http://gitlab-workhorse;
  }
}

以上配置2选一,只需要把YOUR_SERVER_FQDN替换为自己的地址即可(注:如果使用HTTPS,可能还需要在/etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb中配置https的东西,由于本人使用的是不是https的方式也没有尝试)

5.找到你的nginx配置路径,我使用的是阿里的一键安装包,位置在

/alidata/server/nginx/conf/

打开nginx.conf如果文件中有

include /alidata/server/nginx/conf/vhosts/*.conf; 这个配置则把第4部的配置文件放到/alidata/server/nginx/conf/vhosts/这个目录下,如果没有你也可以自己创建这个目录然后include到nginx.conf中或者直接include /你的gitlab配置地址/gitlab-omnibus-ssl-nginx.conf

6.重启nginx服务

执行

service nginx restart

至此切换nginx服务完成,输入你的gitlab地址试试吧!